June 17, 2009

Getting To Know Your Pomeranian

Getting to know your dog starts by getting to know its breed, and that includes getting a better idea about its appearance, personality, and health requirements. Here's what you need to know about the Pomeranian:

One of the most fascinating aspects of this breed is that in its much earlier and larger incarnations it was used in Lapland and Iceland for pulling sleds. Eventually, the Pomeranian moved on to other regions along the Baltic Sea. At this particular time, the breed was still used as a working dog but then it started to increase in popularity as a family pet. The name given to this dog, which was originally Pommern or Pomore, means "on the sea."

The Pomeranian was introduced into English nobility. While somewhat popular, it became even more so after Queen Charlotte's granddaughter, Queen Victoria, returned from Italy with her new furry friend. Although the appearance was much the same, the earlier varieties of the Pomeranian were actually larger than what we see today.

This dog belongs to the Spitz family, which includes other breeds such as the Samoyed, Schipperke, and even Norwegian Elkhound, which surprises many people as they are all considered "toy" breeds due to the small size. Over time, breeders were able to fine-tune the Pomeranian, which led to a much better coat and smaller size. In addition, breeding experimentation provided a greater selection of color while not interfering with the breed's strong but sweet temperament.

Physical Appearance

Following the American Kennel Club's standards for the Pomeranian, the average weight is between 3 and 7 pounds and height is 8 to 11 inches. The appearance of the breed is quite distinct, having a wedge-shaped head. The result of the small body and head is a look very similar to that of a fox. In addition, the Pomeranian has small and high set ears and a tail that curls over the back while being held tall.

Although all of these characteristics make the Pomeranian the cute dog it is, the coat is without doubt its pride. In fact, this dog has two coats. The first is the soft, thick, and fluffy undercoat while the second is the straight and course overcoat. Every year, the male dog will shed the undercoat, as the female goes into heat, once a litter is delivered, and if experiencing too much stress.

As mentioned, breeding has resulted in a wide range of colors and color combinations - 13 in all. These options for the Pomeranian include:

Black and Tan
Blue and Tan
Chocolate and Tan
Cream Sable
Orange Sable
Parti-color (typically white with other colors)
Red Sable

In addition to the standard 13 colors for the Pomeranian, the American Kennel Club also recognizes the following:

Chocolate Sable
Wolf Sable

For the Pomeranian to fall within the standards set by the American Kennel Club, the dog should be well proportioned. This means the dainty head cannot be too large or small, but must balance well with the body type. Additionally, the Pomeranian's legs must be proportionate. In fact, even the breed's expression is to display alertness, intelligence, and pride.

Temperament and Personality

Like the Chihuahua, the Pomeranian does not realize it is a small dog. With a serious bark (or yelp as some may say), the dog is actually a great watchdog. This breed loves its family, enjoying good, quality cuddle time. However, it is also an energetic and agile dog that is relatively easy to train.

Because of the small body size, the Pomeranian makes a great pet for people without a yard or those with a small yard. However, because this breed also enjoys exercise, it makes a great pet for those who like spending time outdoors. In other words, the Pomeranian is a versatile dog - perfect for many types of families.


Fortunately, the Pomeranian breed tends to be healthy but like most other dogs, there are a few possible health risks. With good care, a dog of this breed could easily live to be 14, 15, 16, or older. Some of the more common concerns with the Pomeranian include a Luxating Patella, dry eye, cataracts, and skin ailments.

Health risks that are not quite as common would be epilepsy, hypoglycemia, hypothyroidism, and hydrocephalus. Then on rare occasion, you might find a dog in this category dealing with Hip Dysplasia and Legg-Calve Perthes, a degenerative disease of the hip joint. Of all possible health risks associated with a Pomeranian, a collapsed trachea, or heart disease known as Patent Ductus Arteriosus are the most serious.

It is also important to keep this breed of dog well groomed. Otherwise, the undercoat can become tangled, pulling on the skin and causing blood circulation problems. Typically, brushing the coat two to three times a week is sufficient. Since this breed of dog is also prone to dental problems, most veterinarians recommend brushing, along with regularly scheduled cleaning, which would be done professionally and under anesthesia.

Dan Stevens

Filed under Pomeranian Dogs by Craig

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Comments on Getting To Know Your Pomeranian ยป

June 17, 2009

Luis R @ 11:23 pm

My pomeranian is getting spayed on Saturday how long will it take?
we adopted a pomeranian on Saturday the 12th from the orange county animal shelter and she is five years old and would like to know that how long would it take to get her and do they make good pets cause i heard they do making sure. when she gets home cause she is older can she do things that younger dogs can't after they get spayed. thank you can't wauit to hear your responses.

bosticdoglover @ 11:25 pm

I live in NC and whenever our dogs are spayed they only go in for that day. Dropped off in the morning and home in the late afternoon. Stitches out in 10 - 14 days.

You should have yourself a nice pet.

Good Luck!
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Melissa M @ 11:27 pm

Ask who ever is spaying the dog.
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pixie2321 @ 11:29 pm

You should get her back that same day.. Im kind of shocked that the shelter you got her from didnt insist on having her spade before they adopted her out?
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Cindy @ 11:31 pm

Usually a small dog spay takes about 30-45minutes and she will either go home that night or the next day. It is a pretty quick surgery. She will have an incision on her belly with sutures. And may need to wear an Elizabethan collar if she wants to lick at the incision.

But young animals heal quickly and she should be back to normal within 10-14 days.

Pomeranians are usually nice dogs and make sure to keep her brushed.
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I am a retired veterinarian

ramona m @ 11:33 pm

my mom had 2 pom and they were wonderful, good with other dogs and kids, spaying/ and neutering is only 1 day
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tweetymar @ 11:35 pm

Congratulations on getting a dog and especially one from an animal shelter. This procedure is done in a day. You usually bring them in the morning and pick up later in the day. The procedure itself does not take long but the vet staff usually keeps checking that they are okay and when they are sure you get to take them home. Usually you keep them quiet that day and then they can resume their activities the next day.
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baggysmum @ 11:37 pm

mmm i have know a few pomeranians and they can be quite willful i think its the same as any dog depends on the owner and the training they should keep her in for about half a day thats what they did with mine. my dog was 4 when i got her spayed and she was fine bit stiff but as good as new the next day.xxx good luck
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2001 @ 11:39 pm

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